Course Descriptions

Below you will find course descriptions for all courses offered in the Loyola University New Orleans College of Law:

General Law Required (LAW)

LAW L705 & LAW L710 Torts I, II 3 hrs. & 2 hrs.
These courses together cover intentional torts and privileges, negligence and theories of causation in fact and proximate cause, contributory negligence and assumption of risk, owners and occupiers of land, vicarious liability, automobile accident reparation systems, nuisance, misrepresentation, products liability (survey), damages, and immunities.

LAW L715 Lawyering I 3 hrs.
Students receive instruction in legal research, legal analysis, and legal writing. Throughout the semester, students research the law relevant to hypothetical client cases, apply that law to those cases, and draft memoranda setting forth law, analysis, and predictions as to the outcome of the cases. Students are exposed to both library research and computer research.

LAW L725 & LAW L730 Civil Procedure I, II 3 hrs. each
These courses treat problems related to civil litigation ranging from considerations about the choice of the proper forum through the pretrial, trial, and appellate stages. Specifically the material will include: personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction, choice of applicable law (exclusive of conflict problems), pleading, joinder of claims and parties, discovery, pretrial conference, adjudication without trial (judgment on the pleadings, summary judgment, and alternative dispute resolution), functions of the judge and jury including judgments as a matter of law, appellate review (principle of finality, timeliness, scope of review, review of factual determination), the binding effect of judgments (res judicata, collateral estoppel, law of the case), and extraordinary devices (interpleader, class actions, intervention).

LAW L735 Criminal Law 3 hrs.
This course deals with the principles underlying the administration of criminal justice as embodied in a modern code including the aims of criminal law, the theory of criminal conduct, and elements of some specific crimes and offenses. The model is the Louisiana Criminal Code or the A.L.I.’s Model Penal Code.

LAW L740 Constitutional Criminal Procedure 3 hrs.
A detailed exploration of criminal practice and procedure including constitutional limitations of law enforcement and the rights of individuals in areas such as search and seizure, arrest, electronic surveillance, self-incrimination, exclusionary rules, right to counsel, and custodial interrogation as contained in the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Fourteenth Amendments to the United States Constitution.

LAW L746 Business Organizations I 3 hrs.
This course is an introduction to the fundamental legal principles governing agency and fiduciary relationships, unincorporated business associations, and corporations. Among the topics covered are: 1) the formation, operation, and dissolution of partnerships, limited liability companies and corporations (both privately-held and publicly-held); 2) the distribution of powers among the owners and managers of such organizations; and 3) the relative advantages of various organizational forms.

LAW L750 Constitutional Law 4 hrs.
This course is an introduction to problems arising under the Constitution of the United States, including the distribution of powers among the federal branches of government, the distribution of powers between federal and state governments, and the protection of individual rights.

LAW L760 Evidence 3 hrs.
This course involves a treatment of the rules of evidence, the qualifications and impeachment of witnesses, the opinion rule, admissions and confessions, rules relating to writings, the hearsay rule and its exceptions, privileged relations, burden of proof, presumptions, and judicial notice.

LAW L765 Lawyering II 3 hrs.
This course builds on the research and writing course in teaching legal document drafting skills and problem-solving techniques. A significant portion of the course will be devoted to the preparation of an appellate brief and the oral argument of the case on appeal. Completion of the prescribed brief and participation in oral arguments are mandatory requirements. Students completing the course earn 3 experiential learning credits. 
Prerequisite: LAW L715

LAW L766 Principles of Legal Analysis 2 or 3 hrs.
Intensive instruction in legal methodology and analysis through more individualized instruction than generally provided in most law school courses and in coordination with other first year courses, working with problems and issues raised by first year courses (civil procedure, contracts, torts, criminal law, or property).  Students will complete numerous written exercises that will provide the basis for evaluating their current performance and prescribing goals and methods of improvement.  Enrollment in this course will be capped at 25 students per section to all faculty teaching this course to give the expected intensive feedback on the individual written exercises.

LAW L767 Consolidated Legal Analysis 3 hrs.
Revisits fundamental principles of legal analysis in a systematic manner, building and consolidating skills needed to master the details of varied areas of law, to analyze the relationship between facts and legal rules, to identify legal issues, and to make persuasive written arguments in support of legal conclusions. Frequent written exercises and in-class examinations will be given.

LAW L770 Lawyering III 3 hrs.
This course concerns the professional and ethical activities and duties of the lawyer. The course includes a study of the history and traditions of the legal profession, including the concept of self-discipline and the model rules of professional responsibility. It also examines the impact of ethics and tradition on the practice of the lawyer.
*Note: Lawyering II is NOT a prerequisite for this course. If you are in the bottom quarter at the end of your first semester and you are placed in Principles of Legal Analysis in lieu of Lawyering II, you do NOT need to wait to complete Lawyering III until after you complete Lawyering II.  Students interested in participating in Clinical Seminar are advised they will need to have completed Lawyering III prior to starting Clinical Seminar. 

LAW L781 Law and Poverty 2 hrs.
This course provides an introduction to the detrimental effects of poverty on society and poor people. It includes a treatment of the history of institutional response to the needs of the economically disadvantaged in the western world. It involves a critical examination of the legal system’s response to the economic, social, and human problems of poverty, particularly in the fields of social security, welfare, unemployment, and worker’s compensation. Special treatment is given to legislative and judicial initiatives in alleviating poverty as it burdens the family, women, and minorities.

LAW L782 Law and Poverty Seminar 2 hrs.
This is a seminar devoted to an in-depth treatment of one or more topics of concern in the area of law and poverty. The exact subjects to be considered will be chosen by the instructor. This seminar will satisfy the requirement for Law and Poverty (LAW L781).

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Civil Law Required (LCIV)

LCIV L706 Civil Law Property I 3 hrs.
This course introduces the civil law generally and the law of property in particular. It provides an introduction to the philosophy, structure, and methodology of the Louisiana Civil Code, as both a source of substantive law and as an embodiment of civilian legal method in the mixed jurisdiction of Louisiana. The course also serves as the introduction to basic civilian concepts of property, such as common, public, and private things, movables and immovables, ownership, and accession.

LCIV L707 Civil Law Property II 3 hrs.
This course builds on an introduction to the Civil Code in Civil Law Property I and covers more advanced but essential civil law property topics such as personal servitudes (including usufruct, rights of use and habitation), predial servitudes (including legal, natural, and conventional predial servitudes), boundaries, building restrictions, occupancy, possession, acquisitive prescription of movables and immovables, and dedication to public use.

LCIV L710 Conventional Obligations I 3 hrs.
This course treats the general provisions of the Louisiana Civil Code applicable to all contracts in Louisiana, the formation and effect of agreements, various categories of obligations and the means of their extinction.

LCIV L711 Conventional Obligations II 3 hrs.
This course continues the study of Conventional Obligations that was begun in LCIV L710.  Some of the covered topics will be Object of Contract, Damages and Putting in Default, Solidarity, and the Interpretation of Contracts.

LCIV L715 Successions 3 hrs.
This course deals essentially with intestate successions. Subjects covered include the rules of distribution, the spousal usufruct, rights of children, absent persons, the opening of successions, capacity, acceptance, renunciation, and collation. 

LCIV L725 Sales and Leases 3 hrs.
This course is a continuation of the course in Conventional Obligations as to the particular contracts of sale and lease in respect to movable and immovable property.

LCIV L920 Louisiana Donations and Trusts 3 hrs.
This course deals with the capacity of persons to dispose and receive property by inter vivos and mortis causa donations, the legitime of forced heirs, and the formalities of testamentary dispositions. Students are introduced to the basic principles of trust law, as adopted by statute in Louisiana. Topics covered include the nature, creation, and elements of a trust, as well as its administration, termination, and modification.

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Common Law Required (LCOM)

LCOM L700 Contracts I 3 hrs.
This course provides an introduction to contract law in the United States. Its coverage usually includes contract formation, enforceability of promises, and remedies, among other topics.

LCOM L701 Contracts II 3 hrs.
This course continues the examination of contract law initiated in Contracts I and usually includes a study of remedies, conditions, breach, assignments, and the statute of frauds.

LCOM L705 Common Law Property 
This course covers landlord and tenant, introduction to estates and future interest, personal property, co-ownership, introduction to servitudes and title assurance and recordation.

LCOM L715 Trusts and Estates 3 hrs.
This course covers public policy and estate planning, intestacy, wills, probate and non-probate transfers, protection of spouses and children, trust administration and fiduciary dury, future interests, the rule against perpetuities, and briefly federal estate tax.

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General Law Electives (LAW)

LAW L747 Business Organizations II 3 hrs.
This course builds on basic concepts learned in Business Organizations I and allows for more comprehensive and detailed examination of these topics.  Particular issues covered may include 1) how ownership structure (closely v. publicly held) may impact corporate governance, 2) an introduction to federal securities law (including its antifraud rules), with particular emphasis on its impact on governance of business enterprises, and 3) the scope of the fiduciary duties owed to a business enterprise in fundamental transactions.
Prerequisite:  LAW L746

LAW L801 Intellectual Property Law 3 hrs.
The objective of this course is to provide a comprehensive survey and overview of the principal areas of federal and state law governing intellectual property rights, including trademarks, patents, copyrights, unfair competition, trade secrets, idea protection and the right of publicity.

LAW L802 Law and Education Seminar 2 hrs.
This course will examine the law governing education in the United States, with emphasis on elementary and secondary schooling, including the impact of federal and state constitutions and statutes on finance and curriculum, and on the relationship between private and public institutions. Each student will prepare and present a paper to the seminar.

LAW L803 Western Legal Tradition 3 hrs.
This course treats significant aspects and institutions of the Roman law, canon law, common law, and civil law. It also considers the interaction of these traditions in the context of our American legal heritage. Some emphasis is placed upon codification movements in Europe and the United States and particularly in Louisiana.

LAW L804 Legal Accounting 2 hrs.
Legal Accounting provides an introduction to financial statements and bookkeeping, followed by critical examination of selected problems illustrating generally accepted accounting principles. Consideration will be given to the principles governing recognition of revenue, the matching of costs against appropriate revenues (with particular stress on inventory and depreciation accounting), the cost of borrowed capital and of long-term productive assets, and proprietary transactions. Emphasis will lie on the legal contexts in which the lawyer is likely to confront accounting problems. The materials will draw heavily on current corporation reports and the publications of the American Institute of Accountants and the SEC, with supporting and contrasting illustrations from judicial decisions and administrative practice.

LAW L805 Law of the European Union I 3 hrs.
This course introduces the basic principles of the European Community Law and the institutional structure of the communities with particular reference to the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Community.

LAW L806 Corporate Finance 3 hrs.
This course considers the legal problems arising in connection with financing decisions of publicly held corporations, including valuation of the enterprise and its securities, determination of securities structure and dividend policy, and decisions on investment opportunities, whether by internal expansion or by merger or takeover. Consideration will be given to the application of federal securities regulation, as well as state law, to the corporate decisions and to the import of the legal requirements for investors.
Prerequisite: LAW L746

LAW L807 Introduction to Health Law 3 hrs.
This course introduces and explores areas of law dealing with the creation and maintenance of "health."  It covers the major mechanisms for ensuring quality in health care and the ethical dilemmas that may result from medical treatment or other scientific interventions.  Three main topics are covered:  1) the treatment relationship, 2) public health and access to care, and 3) issues of bioethics generally. 

LAW L808 Securities Regulation 3 hrs.
This course covers federal regulation of selling, trading, and dealing in securities in accordance with the provisions of the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Subject matter includes public offerings, secondary distributions, insider trading, applications of Rule 10 (b) 5, sale of corporate control, market manipulation, broker-dealer regulation, state “blue sky” laws, and attendant civil liabilities under federal and state laws.

LAW L809 American Legal History Seminar 3 hrs.
This is a seminar devoted to an in-depth treatment of one or more topics in the area of American Legal History. The exact subject(s) to be covered will be chosen by the instructor and posted in advance of registration. This course satisfies the perspective course requirement.

LAW L810 Negotiable Instruments 3 hrs.
This course involves commercial paper and bank collection as regulated under Articles 3 and 4 of the Uniform Commercial Code.

LAW L811 Law of the European Union II 3 hrs.
This course builds on the basic instruction of the European Union’s structures and institutions offered in Law of the European Union I and provides specific, detailed coverage in the substantive competencies of European Union law, including such topics as free movement of goods, services, workers, and capital in the common market, anti-trust (competition) law, company law harmonization, environmental law, external relations and the common commercial policy, social policy, and fundamental rights.

LAW L812 Creditors’ Rights and Bankruptcy 3 hrs.
This course examines the problems of the debtor who does not pay his debts. The study includes processes available to the creditor for collection, competition among multiple creditors for the assets of the debtor, means of affecting a distribution of the debtor’s assets among his creditors, means of rehabilitating the debtor, and the debtor’s right to some measure of protection. More than half of the course is devoted to a study of the Bankruptcy Act since all aspects of the creditor/debtor problem are colored by the interaction of state created rights and the federal bankruptcy provisions.

LAW L815 Federal Criminal Law 2 hrs.
This course surveys federal criminal law with emphasis on white collar crime, political corruption, and offenses affecting the administration of justice. Selected statutes such as the mail and wire fraud statutes, banking laws, RICO and Hobbs, as well as perjury and obstruction of justice laws will be examined.

LAW L816 Comparative Law Seminar 1, 2, or 3 hrs.
This seminar is devoted to in-depth treatment of one or more topics of concern in comparative law. The exact subjects to be considered will be chosen by the instructor.

LAW L817 Mediation and Arbitration 3 hrs.
This course is a survey of the various dispute resolution processes including mediation, arbitration, the mini-trial, and the summary jury trial. The overall objectives are to give students familiarity with these processes, basic skills in using them, and experience in how to help a client choose the most appropriate dispute resolution process. The class will include lectures, demonstrations, discussions, and simulations. In some years, the course may be taught as a seminar, where written work satisfying the writing requirement will replace a final examination. Students completing the course earn 3 experiential learning credits. 

LAW L818 Labor Law 3 hrs.
This course deals with the legal problems of concerted action by employees, including the common law obstacles to the objects of labor combinations, picketing and the boycott, the construction and administration of the National Labor Relations Act, the collective bargaining agreement, and the union-member relationship.

LAW L819 Construction Industry Law Seminar 2 hrs.
This is a seminar course covering construction industry law in all phases. A review will be made of pertinent statutes affecting all branches of the industry from design through construction. Litigation and tribunals, both state and federal, will be discussed. There will be complete coverage of the contracts issued by the American Institute of Architects, the National Society of Professional Engineers, and Associated General Contractors. Documents covering the financing of construction will be examined. Finally, there will be a discussion of trial practice in this type of litigation.

LAW L820 Employment Discrimination 3 hrs.
This course surveys the various kinds of employment discrimination and the statutes, constitutional provisions, and Executive Orders which govern the rights and remedies available to employees who are subjected to discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age and disability. 

LAW L821 Computer Law 2 hrs.
This course focuses primarily on intellectual property issues relating to the creation, sale, use, and misappropriation of computer hardware and software. Patent law, copyright law, trademark law, and related state-law doctrines affecting computer technology will be considered. The course will also address selected criminal law, antitrust, and personal privacy issues. No knowledge of computers, programming, or intellectual property law is required.

LAW L822 Bioethics and the Law 3 hrs.
This course provides an overview of law in relation to ethical issues in medicine and health care.  Combining aspects of tort, constitutional, administrative and criminal law, the course begins with a philosophical examination of ethical theories followed by an examination of legal arising from the patient-provider relationship, including issues of consent, confidentiality, and privacy.  Subject areas to be examined include questions regarding assisted human reproduction, end-of-life and life-sustaining procedures, organ transplantation and regulation of research.

LAW L823 First Amendment 2 – 3 hrs.
Students will examine the theoretical basis for constitutional protection of speech and religion and the analytical structure developed by the United States Supreme Court to determine the extent to which government may regulate or interfere with activities protected by the First Amendment.

LAW L824 Products Liability 3 hrs.
This course deals with the consumer vis-a-vis the dangerous and/or defective product. It covers the role, mechanics, and effect of the federal, state, and local governments in this area. It also covers the theories of recovery and defenses to those theories as well as the continuing evolution of theories and defenses.

LAW L825 Medical Malpractice 2 or 3 hrs.
This course deals with teh substantive and procedural aspects of medical malpratice.  Through an examination of statutory and case law, combined with skills exercises, this course covers topics such as medical negligence, standard of care, causation, informed consent, respondeat superior, liability among providers, agency issues, and peer review.

LAW L826 Advanced Torts Seminar 2 hrs.
This is a seminar devoted to an in-depth treatment of one or more topics in the area of torts, products liability, or relational interests. The exact subjects to be considered will be chosen by the instructor.
Prerequisites: LAW L705 and LAW L710

LAW L827 Contracts/Commercial Law Seminar 2 hrs.
This is a seminar devoted to an in-depth treatment of one or more topics in the areas of contracts and commercial law. The exact subjects to be considered will be chosen by the instructor.
Prerequisites: Either LCOM L700 or LCIV L710 and either LCOM L701 or LCIV L711.

LAW L828 Trademark, Trade Name, and Unfair Competition Law 3 hrs.
This course deals with unfair competition in the marketplace and considers the remedies competitors may have against one another. Topics include trademarks, trade names, trade identity, unfair competition doctrines of passing off false advertising, misrepresentation, trade libel or disparagement and misappropriation, protection of trade secrets, the right to publicize, and interference with contractual and business relations. Emphasis is placed upon the interrelationship of federal and state regulation with some necessary reference to copyright and patent laws.

LAW L829 Financial Institutions Law 3 hrs.
The course covers principally the areas of bank formation and bank regulation. Additional topics include antitrust aspects of banking, the role of the F.D.I.C. and the Federal Reserve, and international banking.

LAW L830 Comparative Reproductive Bioethics and the Law 1 hr.
This course provides an overview of the law and bioethical issues associated with assisted reproductive technologies.  Combining aspects of tort, constitutional, administrative and criminal law, the course begins with a philosophical examination of ethical theories followed by an examination of legal issues arising from assisted reproduction.  In addition to assisted reproduction, the course will explore related issues of cloning and stem cell reserach.

LAW L832 Immigration and Citizenship Law 3 hrs.
This course surveys United States constitutional and statutory law regulating naturalization and immigration. Students explore the historical development of that law and the role that racial, national origin, and gender classifications have played in that development. Students are expected to develop an understanding of immigration that reflects awareness of global migration forces and broader policy choices that may be affected by international treaties and conventions. Students are evaluated on the basis of class participation and a written appellate brief. (Course description updated 10/17/2017.) 

LAW L833 Street Law 3 hrs.
This course is designed for law students who are interested in teaching inner-city middle school and high school students about law related issues. Twice a week pairs of law students will enter local public school classrooms to discuss legal rights, responsibilities, and practical legal problems. The course also includes a two-hour seminar component and a paper requirement at the end of the semester. Students completing the course earn 3 hours experiential learning credits. 
Prerequisite: Only seniors or permission of instructor.

LAW L834 Environmental Justice 2 hrs.
This course examines the distribution of benefits and burdens in environmental protection, particularly as related to race and income. We will examine facility permitting, risk assessment, administrative processes, anti-discrimination law, constitutional guarantees of civil rights and civil liberties, and community lawyering. Readings will include judicial opinions, law review articles, interdisciplinary materials, and situational case studies. Because southern Louisiana is a hotbed of environmental justice activity, the course will integrate important local issues and disputes.

LAW L835 Natural Resources Law 3 hrs.
Natural resource management presents extremely difficult and contentious issues of law and public policy. Major debates continue to rage over offshore drilling, the protection for biodiversity, and the management of commercial fisheries. This course provides an overview of the way in which our society allocates and regulates the use of several natural resources, including fisheries, wildlife, wetlands, petroleum, and lands of aesthetic beauty such as Yellowstone or Louisiana’s fabled swamps. We will examine the major federal environmental statutes directed toward conserving natural resources, including the Endangered Species Act and the National Environmental Policy Act. The historical, constitutional, and economic underpinnings of natural resource law will also be addressed.

LAW L836 Real Estate Transactions 3 hrs.
In this course, we will examine fundamental issues in real estate transactions, including financing, contracting, and conveyancing, with a primary focus on commercial transactions. Topics to be covered include: the structure of mortgage markets and the regulation of loan transactions; the law governing mortgages and related financing structures (such as installment land contracts and ground leases), including foreclosure and borrower protections; construction finance; suretyship (guaranties and related contracts); recording and lien priorities; contracts for the purchase and sale of real estate; conveyancing issues; and title insurance.

LAW L837 Land Use 2 or 3 hrs.
This course explores the variety of ways in which the law attempts to resolve conflicts among land uses, as well as plan and regulate the impacts of different land use patterns. Topics include common law; state, regional, and local planning; zoning; environmental controls; growth management; historic preservation; restrictions relating to residential development; and constitutional limits on land use regulation. Throughout the course, we will explore how land-use decisions affect environmental quality and how land-use decision making addresses environmental concerns.

LAW L838 Oil and Gas Law 3 hrs.
This course involves a specialized study of the nature of interests in oil, gas, and other minerals, including the remedies of the owner against the adjoining landowner and the trespasser, the nature of the mineral contract, sale and reservation of mineral rights, prescription of mineral rights, and the mineral lease. The course also may include a study of the conservation laws pertaining to minerals and the regulations of the Louisiana Conservation Commissioner and of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, the leasing of state and federal public lands, operating and production agreements, special contractual agreements relative to mineral exploration and development, deviations from standard provisions in mineral leases and instruments creating or conveying mineral servitudes and royalties, and an introduction to some of the special tax problems of owners and producers of minerals. The Louisiana Mineral Code is given coverage in all areas.

LAW L840 Employment Law 3 hrs.
This course examines the laws and doctrines (federal and state) that regulate and impact the employer-employee relationship. Among the topics typically explored in this course are: employment at will; employment contracts (express and implied); whistleblower and mass layoff protections; restrictive covenants and trade secrets; an introduction to federal labor law and anti-discrimination law, wage and hour laws; the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA); and applicable claim procedures, defenses, remedies, and litigation strategies.

LAW L842 Courts in a Federal System 3 hrs.
This course deals with requirements of Article III of the United States Constitution such as standing, ripeness, and mootness. A major portion of the course is devoted to problems relating to concepts of federalism and comity between the state and federal systems. The class also analyzes the relationship between the branches of the federal government. For example, the extent to which Congress may withdraw jurisdiction from those courts and the power of the court to review actions of coequal branches are issues receiving attention. The course also offers a review of jurisdiction based on the existence of diversity and a federal question. The course also covers some of the following subjects: the Erie problem, suits against state officials and the state, abstention, injunctions against state proceedings, and review of state court judgments.
Prerequisite: LAW L725LAW L750 recommended.

LAW L844 Administrative Law 3 hrs.
This course focuses on the law and procedures relating to federal agencies.  Federal and state administrative agencies affect virtually every aspect of our daily life.  Indeed, the administrative state is sometimes called the "fourth branch" of government.  Often invisible to the public, these agencies are responsible for regulating and enforcing laws regarding the environment, national security, food and drugs, labor relations, international trade, telecommunications, intellectual property, zoning, and immigration (to name but a few). Knowledge of regulations - and how they are enacted - is essential for practicing attorneys in almost any field. 

This course does not focus on the law of any one agency, but instead analyzes the procedures and principles common to all federal agencies. Accordingly we will examine the sources of agencies' authority (both statutory and constitutional), the limits of their powers, the procedures they must follow in rulemaking and adjudication, and judicial review of agency actions. 

LAW L845 Communications Law 3 hrs.
This course examines the regulation of electronic communications. It focuses on the legal framework, including First Amendment rights and limitations, for both wireless and wired electronic communications, such as communications via broadcast, satellite, telephone, cable, and computer networks (e.g., the Internet). 

LAW L846 Seminar in Scholarly Writing 3 hrs.
This seminar is open to candidates of the Loyola Law Review who are currently writing a law review comment. Others may enroll with instructor’s approval. Students enrolled in this seminar will write and edit one substantial Law Review comment and, in addition, evaluate and edit the writing of other students. Students will be evaluated on the basis of their research, writing, and editing skills. 

Under no circumstances can a student elect any combination of course numbers LAW L846, LAW L891, LAW L893, LAW L898, or LAW L901 that would result in more than six hours. Also, under no circumstances may a student elect any combination of course numbers LAW L898, LAW L899, and LAW L900 that would result in more than six hours.

LAW L849 Patent Law 2 hrs.
This course focuses on the means for obtaining legal protection for patentable and unpatentable inventions and for technical knowledge. Licensing and aspects of litigation affecting these rights also will be discussed.

LAW L850 Copyright Law 3 hrs.
This course consists of a detailed exploration of the protection of creative expression—literature, music, visual art, and motion pictures. While focusing primarily on the copyright act, the course also will consider those areas of patent and trademark law that overlap with copyright or form the boundaries. The challenges created by new technology, such as computers, home video recorders, and cable television will receive particular attention. Additionally, some attention will be given to related doctrines in other countries.

LAW L851 Litigation and Law Practice Management 2 hrs.
The course is an introduction to practical lawyering, law practice management, and litigation management. Among other topics, the course considers the use of digital technology to facilitate the practice of law. Primarily experiential in nature, the course requires students to organize facts, documents, witnesses, and issues in a simulated case, and then to prepare witness outlines and arguments for that case. It also requires students to prepare a business and marketing plan for a simulated law firm. Students completing the course earn two experiential learning credits.

LAW L852 Admiralty II 3 hrs.
This course builds on the basic Admiralty I course and develops the requirements for seaman status under the Jones Act, seaman's remedies, maintenance and cure, the warranty of seaworthiness, Death on the High Seas Act as well as the defenses available.  The course also explores the jurisdictional requirements of the Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act and its incorporation as a remedy under the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act, remedies of maritime employees and obligations of maritime employers.  In addition, students will learn the administrative process of the Longshore Act.  Admiralty I is preferred but not mandatory pre-requisite.

LAW L853 Family Law Seminar 2 hrs.
This seminar permits students to conduct an intensive study of one or more issues in family law. The students will investigate marriage, the parent-child relationship, and other contemporary family topics in a comparative format. Each student will be responsible for a class presentation and a written paper on a specific topic in the area.
Prerequisite: LCOM L700 or LCOM L800.

LAW L854 Insurance 3 hrs.
This course concerns personal and property insurance, together with the rights and powers of the insurer, the insured, the beneficiary, the assignees, and creditors.

LAW L856 State and Local Government Law 2 hrs.
This course studies the legal aspects of intergovernmental relationships including the distribution of power among the federal, state, and local governments. Organization and reorganization of local governmental entities, home rule, metropolitan government, and financing of the local government, financing of state entities and offices, public procurement policies, open meetings law, and public records laws are among the subjects covered. The legal issues are related to the greatest extent possible to contemporary American urban developments, including federal involvement in local and state issues, such as police conduct, housing, education, and prison policies.

LAW L858 Environmental Law 3 hrs.
This is a survey course in environmental law and regulatory policy. The course considers the special character of environmental disputes and the problems that arise in developing legal rules for their resolution. The course covers several different federal environmental statutes, including laws relating to hazardous wastes, toxic substances, and air pollution. Our goal in studying these issues will be to gain a better understanding not only of particular environmental laws and policies, but also of the processes by which the government can regulate potentially harmful activities. We will look not only at traditional regulatory mechanisms, but also at the opportunities for market and consensus solutions. The course will make frequent use of situational case studies, which will require you to think strategically about how you would solve real world problems that have confronted lawyers and policymakers.

LAW L859 Regulation of the Sports Industry Seminar 3 hrs.
This course will consider the response of the legal system to the particular problems of the sports industry. Coverage includes contractual obligations in professional sports, antitrust laws, regulation of agents, sports violence, labor relations and collective bargaining in professional sports, arbitration, professional sports franchise relocation, the National Collegiate Athletic Association and the regulation of intercollegiate sports, regulation of amateur sports, gender and racial discrimination in athletics, and drug testing.

LAW L860 Advanced Criminal Procedure 3 hrs.
This course considers common problems in criminal prosecution from the initiation of charges through the trial process to the handling of post conviction remedies. The Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure will be employed as a model. The course is open to both civil law and common law students.

LAW L861 Pre-Trial Litigation 3 hrs.
This primarily experiential seminar examines the legal, ethical and strategic issues an attorney faces during different stages of a lawsuit from client engagement, initial pleadings, discovery, to pretrial motion practice and pretrial conferences. The seminar will focus on developing legal strategy, fact gathering through strategic use of discovery devices such as interrogatories, depositions, requests for admissions, and requests for document production. Students will represent either the plaintiff or the defendant in a simulated breach of contract case. As part of their class assignments, students will draft initial pleadings and discovery requests representing either party in the simulated case. Students will also be required to take a deposition of a party witness in the simulated case. Students completing the course earn three experiential learning credits.
Prerequisite: LAW L760 Evidence

LAW L862 Criminal Law Seminar 2 hrs.
This seminar is devoted to in-depth treatment of one or more topics of concern in criminal law or procedure. The exact subjects to be considered will be chosen by the instructor.

LAW L864 Admiralty I 3 hrs.
This course reviews the principles of admiralty and maritime law, including statutory modifications, in the following areas: jurisdiction, the nature of in rem and in personal jurisdiction, maritime liens, the contract of affreightment and COGSA, limitation of liability, general average, the law of collision, the tug and tow relationship, and salvage.

LAW L867 Business Planning 2 hrs.
This course is primarily experiential in nature and combines advanced work in corporations, corporate financing, and federal taxation in the context of business planning and counseling. The course will be based upon a series of simulations involving common business transactions, which present corporate and tax issues for analysis and resolution. The simulations will cover such topics as the formation and financing of corporations, both closely held and publicly owned, stock redemption, the sale and purchase of businesses, mergers and other forms of acquisition and recapitalization, division and dissolution of corporations. Students completing the course earn two experiential learning credits.  
Prerequisites: LAW L746

LAW L868 Workers’ Compensation 2 hrs.
This course considers the Louisiana law relative to tort liability of master and servant and the Louisiana workers’ compensation law.

LAW L869 Taxation of the Family: Structuring the Tax Consequences of Marriage, Divorce, and Death 2 hrs.
This course presents both tax planning opportunities and problems raised by marriage, domestic partnerships, support of dependents, divorce, and property transfers during life and at death. The course introduces the fundamental tax principles in the context of tax planning for the beginning, the span, and the end of a committed relationship.
Prerequisite: LAW L980

LAW L870 Federal Taxation of Wealth Transmission 2 hrs.
This course considers the impact of federal taxation on the transmission of wealth. Primary emphasis is placed on the gift and estate tax systems. The generation-skipping transfer tax system and related income tax problems are also considered.
Prerequisite: LAW L980

LAW L871 Advanced Federal Income Taxation 2 hrs.
This course consists of an advanced study of federal income taxation emphasizing planning considerations affecting the personal and commercial transactions of individual taxpayers. Prerequisite: LAW L980

LAW L872 Federal Income Taxation of Corporations 2 hrs.
This course deals with the tax problems of corporations and shareholders faced in practice with discussion and analysis of the Internal Revenue Code and Regulations, cases, and rulings.
Prerequisite: LAW L980

LAW L873 Taxation of Partnerships and Other Pass-through Entities 3 hrs.
This course involves a study of the tax treatment of the formation, operation, and termination of pass-through entities including partnerships, limited liability companies, and subchapter S corporations. Class discussion will focus on the study of the Internal Revenue Code and Regulations and solving problems a taxpayer must deal with in practice.
Prerequisite: LAW L980

LAW L874 Federal Tax Procedure 2 hrs.
This course deals with numerous aspects of federal tax procedure. Specifically, the course will cover administrative procedures before the Internal Revenue Service, an analysis of the statutory notice procedures, the entire spectrum of litigating a case before the United States Tax Court and the District Court, extended periods of limitations, and additions to tax and other problems that a practitioner might encounter while handling a tax case.
Prerequisite: LAW L980

LAW L875 State and Local Taxation 2 hrs.
This course considers the varieties of taxation imposed by state and local governments including: property taxes, business taxes, sales and use taxes, and the various exemptions.
Prerequisite: LAW L980

LAW L876 Conflict of Laws 3 hrs.
This course deals with the law relating to transactions with elements in more than one state. Emphasis is placed upon the problems of choice of laws to be applied in a given situation where the laws of the states involved differ. This problem is examined with respect to actions in tort, worker’s compensation, contract, family law, and decedents’ estates. Consideration is given to constitutional issues, the theoretical bases for the choice of laws, and questions relating to the jurisdiction of courts and the enforcement of foreign judgments.

LAW L877 Constitutional Law Seminar 2 or 3 hrs.
This seminar is devoted to in-depth treatment of one or more topics of current controversy in constitutional law. The exact subjects to be considered will be chosen by the instructor. Seminar members will submit term papers in completion of course requirements.

LAW L878 International Law 3 hrs.
This introductory course acquaints students with the theory and practice of a distinct legal system. The sources and mode of discourse of the international legal system are studied in sufficient detail to allow the student to undertake further work in the discipline. Detailed examination will be undertaken of several substantive areas of international law. These areas will be selected from topics such as jurisdiction of states, international criminal law, law of the sea, international protection of human rights, law of war, and regulation of resort to force by states.

LAW L879 Admiralty Seminar 2 or 3 hrs.
This seminar will focus either on marine insurance or on rights, remedies and damages in a maritime disaster.

LAW L880 Entrepreneurship 2 or 3 credits
This primarily experiential course pairs third year law students with (1) mentors in the New Orleans legal community who practice corporate law, with an emphasis on early stage ventures, and (2) early stage ventures, both for profit and non-profit, who are in need of legal service. Under the supervision of mentors, students will prepare basic transactional legal documentation for early stage ventures in the local community. Enrollment is limited and preference is given to students who have successfully completed Business Planning (L867). Students completing the course earn two or three experiential learning credits.
Prerequisites: LAW L746 Business Organizations I

LAW L882 Jurisprudence 3 hrs.
This course considers the history of the natural law. It also appraises such schools of jurisprudence as the analytical, historical, philosophical, sociological, and realist in the light of the natural law. The natural law basis of the principal juridical institutions in the Roman and Anglo-American legal systems is considered, as well as the creative role of the natural law in contemporary law-making.

LAW L883 Dialogues in Law and Ethics 2 hrs.
This course attempts to sharpen the student’s critical awareness of the sensitive moral and ethical problems inherent in the legal enterprise. The goal is to sensitize the prospective counselor, advocate, legislator, and judge to these problems while helping him or her develop the ability to resolve them in a fashion most respectful of the personal human values affected. The course draws on a variety of interdisciplinary readings and will involve persons experienced in some facet of the problems discussed.

LAW L884 International Law Seminar 2 hrs.
Students with a background in the subject will conduct an intensive study of one or more issues in international law. These issues will be identified by the instructor prior to registration. Limited enrollment.
Prerequisites: LAW L878 and stipulated requirements.

LAW L885 Gender Law in Practice 3 hrs.
Students in this course explore gender law in a variety of contexts, and develop practice-skills through a simulation based on a NITA case file.  Students explore issues of gender through individual and small-group presentations and practice-oriented exercises.  Practice exercises include drafting a complaint, taking a deposition, and researching and writing substantive motions.  At the end of the course, students will produce a portfolio of their work that may be used in pursuing employment.  The course is open to second and third year students, with preference given to third year students. Students completing the course with a C or above earn one skills credit and three experiential learning credits.   

LAW L886 Environmental Law Seminar 2 hrs.
This seminar is devoted to an in-depth treatment of one or more topics in environmental law. The exact subjects will be chosen by the instructor(s).

LAW L890 Regulation of the Entertainment Industries Seminar 2 hrs.
This seminar considers the response of the legal system to the particular problems of the entertainment industries. Coverage includes antitrust law and the entertainment industries, the protection of ideas, the right of publicity, legal issues in the music industry, regulation of agents and managers, motion picture ratings, record labeling and censorship, film colorization and moral rights, and selected issues in trademarks and unfair competition.

LAW L891 Law Review Honors Tutorial 2 hrs.
This tutorial is open to candidates for Law Review who successfully have completed the junior Law Review requirements as determined by the Student Editorial Board and who complete service on the Executive Board. This tutorial is graded on a pass/fail basis only.

Under no circumstances can a student elect any combination of course numbers LAW L846, LAW L891, LAW L893, LAW L898, or LAW L901 that would result in more than six hours. Also, under no circumstances may a student elect any combination of course numbers LAW L898, LAW L899, and LAW L900 that would result in more than six hours.

LAW L893 The Journal of Public Interest Law Honors Tutorial 2 hrs.
This tutorial is open to candidates for the Journal of Public Interest Law who successfully have completed the junior journal requirements as determined by the Student Editorial Board and 1) complete service on the Editorial Board, or 2) complete a publishable comment under the tutorship of a member of the faculty. This tutorial will be graded on a pass/fail basis for board service, but a letter grade for comments.

Under no circumstances can a student elect any combination of course numbers LAW L846, LAW L891, LAW L893, LAW L898, or LAW L901 that would result in more than six hours. Also, under no circumstances may a student elect any combination of course numbers LAW L898LAW L899, and LAW L900 that would result in more than six hours.

LAW L896 Professional Seminar 2 or 3 hrs.
This seminar surveys historical and contemporary responses of the legal system of the United States.

LAW L897 Clinical Seminar- Live Client Clinic 5 or 10 hrs.
Students participate in clinic orientation before the start of classes, after which they are sworn in to practice law as a Student Practitioner under the supervision of a Clinic Professor. Clinic students are assigned civil or criminal cases with jurisdiction in municipal, state, federal and/or administrative courts. Student Practitioners are expected to represent clients from the point of their case assignment through final disposition or the end of the course, whichever comes first. Representation includes, but is not be limited to, client interviews, fact investigation, informal and formal discovery, drafting and filing of pleadings, legal research, writing of fact and legal memoranda, communications with opposing counsel, court appearances, including trial and appellate work, and law office management. Student Practitioners must devote a minimum of 15 hours per week to clinic class and case work in this course.

Standard participation is two full semesters during the fall and spring semesters of the 3L year; however, certain sections of Law Clinic are offered for one semester only. For each semester of Law Clinic that a student successfully completes, he or she will earn five credit hours, letter graded, three skills credits, and five hours of experiential learning credits.
Prerequisite: LAW L770 Lawyering III

LAW L898 Legal Research 1 or 2 or 3 hrs.
This course is designed to develop skills in legal research, analysis, and writing, and to allow the student the opportunity to study a narrow subject in depth under the supervision of a full-time faculty member with expertise in the area. A written paper is required for satisfactory completion of this course, whether it is taken for one or two hours of credit. A letter grade is given for completion of the course. The course may be taken for a minimum of two hours of credit to satisfy the writing requirement. A student must be in good academic standing and receive the permission of the associate dean for academic affairs to register for this course. 

Under no circumstances can a student elect any combination of course numbers LAW L846, LAW L891, LAW L893, LAW L898, or LAW L901 that would result in more than six hours. Also, under no circumstances may a student elect any combination of course numbers LAW L898, LAW L899, and LAW L900 that would result in more than six hours.

LAW L899 Independent Study 1 or 2 or 3 hrs.
This course is designed to allow the student an opportunity to study a narrow subject in depth under the supervision of a full-time faculty member with expertise in the subject area. Appropriate written documentation pertinent to the study is required, but the course does not necessarily entail a single research paper as is the case with Legal Research (LAW L898). This course is only graded on a pass/fail basis and may sometimes involve working for an outside agency (i.e., an “extern” program), with general supervision and evaluation by the designated faculty member. A student must be in good academic standing and receive the permission of the associate dean for academic affairs to register for this course. This course cannot be used to satisfy the writing requirement.

Under no circumstances can a student elect any combination of course numbers LAW L846, LAW L891LAW L893LAW L898, or LAW L901 that would result in more than six hours. Also, under no circumstances may a student elect any combination of course numbers LAW L898, LAW L899, and LAW L900 that would result in more than six hours.

LAW L900 Academic Externship 1 or 2 or 3 hrs.
This course allows students to learn by participating in legal work with an outside agency or court. Second- and third-year law students in the upper three-quarters of their class may apply to participate in this program. The student must be in good academic standing and receive the permission of the associate dean for academic affairs and the Loyola Law Clinic to register. This course cannot be used to satisfy the writing requirement. There is a regular classroom component. This is a pass/fail course. The extern must be willing to devote at least 12–15 hours a week to this course.  Students completing the course earn experiential learning credits equivalent to the credit hours earned in the course. 

Under no circumstances can a student elect any combination of course numbers LAW L846LAW L891LAW L893LAW L898, or LAW L901 that would result in more than six hours. Also, under no circumstances may a student elect any combination of course numbers LAW L898, LAW L899, and LAW L900 that would result in more than six hours.

LAW L901 Loyola Maritime Law Journal Honors Tutorial 2 hrs.
This tutorial is open to candidates for the Loyola Maritime Law Journal who successfully have completed the junior journal requirements as determined by the Student Editorial Board and 1) complete service on the Editorial Board, or 2) complete a publishable comment under the tutorship of a member of the faculty. This tutorial will be graded on a pass/fail basis for board service, but a letter grade for comments.

Under no circumstances can a student elect any combination of course numbers LAW L846LAW L891LAW L893LAW L898, or LAW L901 that would result in more than six hours. Also, under no circumstances may a student elect any combination of course numbers LAW L898,  LAW L899, and LAW L900 that would result in more than six hours.

LAW L902 Elder and Disabled Law 2 hrs
This seminar is devoted to the introduction of a variety of topics that impact the elderly, the disabled, and their families. The course will cover topics such as power of attorney,interdiction, capacity, elder abuse, geriatric care management, nursing home rights, end of life care, and successions.

LAW L903 Election Law 3 hrs.
This course will examine the laws governing political process in the United States, with a focus on how these laws both reflect and determine political power relationships. The course will survey federal and state statutory law, as well as the constitutional structure within which they operate, with an emphasis on the First and Fourteenth Amendments. Students will be asked to critically examine the legal, social, and political factors that structure political participation in the United States, with a particular focus on their impact on racial and economic justice. Topics covered will include the right to vote, political representation, election administration, political parties, and campaign finance.

LAW L905 Advanced Legal Writing 3 hrs.
This course will build on the analytical and writing skills developed by students in the Legal Research and Writing and Federal Appellate Advocacy courses and will provide students with opportunities to sharpen their legal analysis through various types of documents, including a trial memorandum, a judicial opinion, a client opinion letter, and a short scholarly piece. Students will examine the types of legal arguments and will study the conventions and expectations unique to each of the documents they create. They will be expected to use this knowledge as they analyze hypothetical cases. Additionally, students will conduct legal research for their assignments, which will serve to reinforce their researching skills.

LAW L906 Advanced Legal Research (3 hrs)
This practical, skills-based course is designed to help prepare students for practice or future study by building on the research techniques presented in Lawyering I. Advanced Legal Research focuses on the effective use of electronic and print legal research tools and examines existing sources for both legal and non-legal information of interest to lawyers. Students will receive advanced training on comprehensive proprietary online research systems (Westlaw, Lexis, and Bloomberg Law), and be introduced to specialized online systems (ProQuest, BNA, and CCH Intelliconnect). This course will provide coverage of selected research subjects, including statutory research, legislative history, administrative and regulatory research, practice aids, research strategies, and various specialized areas, such as an introduction to international/foreign research sources. The focus is on the practical application of research resources in various areas, for instance compiling a legislative history, drafting a comment to a regulation, or compiling a company profile. Assessment is based on five experiential learning exercises and a final project, and students should be prepared to present their work in a professional format (both orally and in writing). Students completing the course earn three experiential learning credits.

LAW L911 Introduction to American Indian Law: Overlapping Jurisdictions 3 hrs.
Introduction to American Indian law examines its legal and historical bases.  Focus will  be on delineating intersections of federal, tribal, and state law:  jurisdiction, social services such as child protection, placement and adoption, gaming, civil law, treaty law, and criminal law.  Illustrative case law, legislative, and scholarly studies are used to enhance student learning.  Issues that applyto Indian law in Louisiana are introduction.  Research allows students to familiarize themselves with source materials.  [Note:  Indian law is defined as laws created by federal, tribal an state governments, their implementation, and adjudication that encompass American Indians.]

LAW L912 Health Law II-Access, Regulation, Compliance and Strategy 3 hrs.
This course explores key legal and regulatory concepts and issues impacting the delivery of healthcare in the United States.  Topic areas will include, but are not limited to, state and federal regulation of health care providers and institutions including the Stark Law, and the Federal Anti-Kickback Statute, patient and provider rights and obligations, public and private insurance systems including the history of Medicare and Medicaid; business and legal issues that arise in the provision of healthcare including a detailed look at the regulatory environment surrounding any healthcare provider; and a detailed discussion of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.  There are no prerequisities to this course but it is preferred that students have completed LAW L807 Introduction to Health Law.  The course will examine, as a whole, the healthcare industry and the relevant laws and regulations that govern its operation from two very different perspectives-a physician's perspective and the hospital's perspective.

LAW L913 Disaster Law and Policy 2 hrs
This course examines the law and policy of disasters (natural and technological) as stages along a “circle of risk management”—from hazard-mitigation planning, to emergency response, to cost sharing and compensation after an event, to longterm recovery. The course will emphasize the role of public policy as well as practical lawyering skills. In the process, students will gain full exposure to the Stafford Act, the National Flood Insurance Program, the workings of the Federal Emergency Management Agency and its relationship to other agencies, relevant constitutional principles, and the U.N. Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.

LAW L918 Law and Literature Seminar (2 hrs)
This course examines the intersection between law and literature, and how the humanities teach us about law, justice, and government. This course provides students an opportunity to think about the law through the prism of the humanistic and philosophical perspective.

LAW L922 Toxic Torts 2 or 3 hrs
This course will study the characteristic features of toxic tort litigation, such as the temporal separation between wrongful conduct and the appearance of injury, novel issues of medical causation, property valuation, environmental restoration and hazard assessment, and the difficulty of fashioning remedies. The impact of these core problems on doctrinal, procedural and evidentiary matters will be explored.

LAW L924 Human Rights Advocacy Project 3 hrs.
Students in the Human Rights Advocacy Project work directly with human rights non-governmental organizations on ongoing cases and projects. Examples of the projects include drafting a memorandum of law in opposition to a motion to dismiss in a case involving trafficking of child slaves; interviewing witnesses, conducting legal research, and drafting a petition to the Inter-American Commission for Human Rights on the right to safe drinking water; drafting a memorandum of law to the US Senate on a pending international treaty; writing a policy impact paper on torture in a foreign country; and petitioning the United Nations Special Rapporteur regarding the death penalty in Louisiana. In the process, students will learn the fundamental principles of international human rights law and develop critical lawyering and advocacy skills such as legal research and fact-finding methodologies; interviewing skills; legal drafting; legislative and policy analysis; project organization and time management; oral and written advocacy; collaborative project work; and professionalism. Students completing the course earn three experiential learning credits each semester.

LAW L925 International Trade Law 2 or 3 hrs.
This course presents the regulatory context of the international sale of goods, including the role of the World Trade Organization (WTO), the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), and other supranational or international organizations, as well as the effect of bilateral treaties and similar arrangements. This course also presents and analyzes the law governing the import and export of goods, such as the Convention on the International Sale of Goods (CISG), the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts, the proposed European Code of Contracts, the Incoterms of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), as well as national laws that have been applied in the international context. Conventions and model laws on financing of international sales (e.g., on letters of credit, factoring, and receivables) may also be addressed.

LAW L928 International Dispute Resolution 2 or 3 hrs.
This course deals with the resolution of disputes in the international context. It addresses both litigation and alternative dispute resolution, including arbitration. The course focuses on commercial disputes between private actors, but may also analyze the special problems of disputes between private actors and states or state-owned entities. Students completing the course earn experiential learning credits equivalent to the credit hours earned in the course. 

LAW L929 Energy and the Environment in International Law 2 hrs.
This 2-credit seminar course covers selected international legal issues and frameworks within the energy-environment nexus. Topics include Introduction, Fundamentals (Sources of Law, State Responsibility, Private Remedies), Energy Facility Siting and Environmental Policy Umbrella, Oilfield Waste Regulation (Offshore), Major Environmental Issues in the Nuclear Energy Debate, Energy Transportation, Energy Consumption and International Trade, and Energy and Global Climate Change. Students will learn to appreciate international (environmental) law as a system of law. We will use a moot court and role play format to review, discuss, and critique the assigned materials.

LAW L930 Introduction to United States Law 3 hrs.
This course is designed exclusively for students who are enrolled in the Loyola LL.M. degree program in United States Law and who have already been awarded a first degree in law (LL.B. or equivalent) from a law school outside of the United States or Canada. This course gives an overview of U.S. legal history, legal education, the legal profession, the judicial system, case law, the legislative system and statutes, secondary authority and the Restatements, civil and criminal procedure (including evidence) conflict of laws, contracts, torts, property, family law, commercial law, business enterprises, constitutional law, administrative law, trade regulation, labor law, tax law and substantive criminal law.

LAW L932 Immigration Law Seminar 2 hrs.
Students will explore problems posed by immigration and the regulation of aliens in the United States through selected readings, class discussion, and class presentations.

LAW L933 Asylum and Refugee Law 3 hrs.
This course surveys the law of asylum and related protection for those fleeing danger in their home countries through a case simulation and a set of practice-oriented exercises that include preparation of an asylum hearing memorandum.  Students examine asylum and refugee law and policy in the United States, and under international law, and the legal grounds for barring individuals from asylum.  There is no prerequisite for the course. Students completing the course earn three experiential learning credits.

LAW L935 Social Security Disability Law 2 hrs.
In this course students will develop a working knowledge of the following: What Is Social Security Disability; Applying for Disability Benefits; Disability Benefits for Children; Getting Benefits During the Application Process (SSI); Proving You Are Disabled; Who Decides Your Claim; How Claims Are Decided; Whether You Can Do Some Work: Your RFC; How Age, Education, and Work Experience Matter; When Benefits Begin; Reasons You May Be Denied Benefits; Appealing If Your Claim Is Denied; Once You Are Approved; Continuing Disability Review; Your Right to Representation; and, the duties and responsibilities of Administrative Law Judges (ALJs).

LAW L940 Risk and the Administrative State 3 hrs.
This course will introduce students to the reasons for regulation, the ways in which regulation can go awry, the choice of legal institutions, the choice of regulatory instruments, and the art of statutory interpretation. We will examine several substantive subject areas as recurring themes, all involving the regulation of risk.

LAW L950 Common Law Bar Exam Preparation 3 hrs.
Focuses on preparation for the Multistate Bar Examination.  This course addresses practice multiple choice questions and practice essay questions on select topics within subject covered by the Multistate Bar Examination.  Subjects covered in the course may include Constitutional Law, Contracts and Sales, Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure, Evidence, Real Property, and Torts. In addition to a final examination, graded in-class examinations will be given for each subject. All examinations will closely resemble that actual Multistate Bar Examination.

LAW L955 Advanced Constitutional Law—14th Amendment 3 hrs.
This course focuses on the protection afforded individuals by the 14th amendment due process and equal protection clauses, state action, and Congress’ power to enforce the 14th amendment. Students are strongly encouraged to take this course, as well as the first amendment course.

LAW L957 Injured Employee Compensation and Tort Remedies 2 hrs.
This course is a study and comparison of the various remedies available to an employee or his or her dependents resulting from work-related injury or death. We will compare state worker’s compensation principles with those of the Longshore and Harbor Worker’s Compensation Act. The tort remedies available to the employee and the compensation carrier’s right of intervention in a third-party action are studied. The remedies available to maritime workers pursuant to the Jones Act, general maritime law, and the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act are also considered.

LAW L961 Trial Advocacy 3 hrs.
This course uses experiental learning exercises to develop skills in ADR and trial advocacy, oral persuasion and nonverbal communication.  In a simulated trial setting, class participants perform opening statements, closing arguments, witness examinations and lay evidentiary foundations.  Faculty lectures and demonstrations supplement these exercises. Students completing the course earn three experiential learning credits.
Prerequisite:  LAW L760 (Evidence)

LAW L967 Law and Technology Seminar 2 hrs.
This courses provides students with an overview of modern digital technologies and the leagel doctrines most relevant to these industries.  Students will obtain an overview of both networking technologies (the physcial infrastructure of networks) and software applications that utilize networks.  The course will also provide a specialized perspective on the intersection of these technologies with relevant aspects of intellectual property law, privacy law, cyberlaw, business law, and communications law.

LAW L974 Canon Law 1 or 2 hrs.
This course will examine the 1983 code of Canon Law in light of the historical developments of church law and the reforms of Vatican II. Special emphasis will be placed on Book Two of the Code, “The People of God.” This course is cross-listed as LIM G874 and is offered by the Loyola Institute for Ministry in City College.

LAW L975 Energy Law and Policy 2 or 3 hrs.
This course provides an introduction to U.S. energy law. The first part of the course introduces the nation’s primary sources of energy: coal, oil, biofuels, natural gas, hydropower, nuclear, wind, solar, and geothermal energy. In this portion, we explore the physical, market, and legal structures within which these energy sources are extracted, transported, and converted into energy. The second part focuses on the two main sectors of our energy economy: electricity and transportation. The third part of the course examines hot topics in energy law, highlighting complex transitions now taking place in the energy system. In addition to textbook readings and class discussion, the course will include in-class simulated exercises.

LAW L976 Environmental Law and Policy Lab 3 hrs.
This is a unique course in which students, individually or in teams, work under the supervision of skilled attorneys with years of city, state, federal and international environmental advocacy experience on a semester-long project with real non-profit, or community clients. Topics may include: oil and gas drilling, endangered species protection, climate change, urban agriculture, fisheries management, and more. The course walks students through the full process of representing a client on policy and/or legislative matters. Each class focuses on a specific skill—drafting and signing client retainers, crafting legislation, lobbying, writing Freedom of Information Act requests, using press releases and radio/TV interviews—as an advocacy tool, and more. Activities may include: drafting agency regulations or state or federal legislation; organizing community action; and participating in stakeholder working groups, agency or legislative hearings, or other meetings and events. The course includes weekly discussions on procedure and related environmental law and advocacy issues, supplemented by guest speaker presentations. These complement the hands-on, “real work” activities and provide diverse experiences for students that will prepare them to engage in this field post graduation. Students completing the course earn three experiential learning credits. Space is very limited - usually up to 6 students. Enrollment requires Professor approval.

LAW L977 Environmental Litigation: Theory and Practice 3 hrs.
This course enables students to engage in hands-on training and provides them with practical skills necessary for competent professional legal service in the practice of environmental law. Students will participate in weekly lectures, supplemented by pretrial and trial workshops. Through carefully designed simulation exercises, students will learn how to litigate an environmental law case from start to finish while developing a full range of practice skills such as: understanding major environmental laws and the significance of key provisions, venue, pleading, depositions, other discovery, and motions. Students will also receive instruction in relevant trial advocacy skills. The course will also briefly cover appeals and how to handle media inquiries and use media as an advocacy tool. There is a strong emphasis on experiential learning through the practice and application of basic skills in classroom exercises. The course culminates in a final simulated trial where students bring together the skills acquired throughout the semester. Students receive candid critique and feedback from the practitioners who have worked with them throughout the course. Students completing the course earn three experiential learning credits.

LAW L980 Income Taxation 3 hrs.
This course is an introduction to the principles of the federal taxation of income as it relates to individuals. It will focus on a number of concepts usually involving tax policy, gross income, property transactions, including gains, losses, non-recognition transactions, tax status, timing issues, deductions, credits, exemptions, and tax procedure. This subject is a bar requirement in many common law jurisdictions.

LAW L981 International Taxation 2 hrs.
This course covers the taxation of foreign nationals doing business in the United States and United States citizens doing business outside of the States. The course will examine the taxation rules regarding foreign income of United States corporations and individuals, United States taxation of nonresident aliens and foreign corporations, domestic international sales corporations, and international boycott determinations.
Prerequisite: LAW L980

LAW L985 Intellectual Property Law Seminar on Digital Delivery of Entertainment Products 1 hr.
The course will cover the following topics: 1) the legal and legislative responses, especially under copyright law, to emerging digital technologies, including compression formats, increased bandwidth, and CMI (copyright management information) applications; 2) the emerging business models viewed against the background of the so-called “traditional” model; 3) the social, political, and policy underpinnings of the “safe-harbor” provisions of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act viewed as an unprecedented entrance of technology into the Copyright Act; 4) the increasing relevance of global treaties regarding foreign distribution of entertainment products for intellectual property rights holders in the United States; 5) the future of the entertainment industries in a limited-encryption copyright protection environment of instantaneous global access. Class meets once a week.
Prerequisite: LAW L890 or permission of instructor.

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Civil Law Electives (LCIV)

LCIV L805 Louisiana Criminal Procedure 3 hrs.
This course involves a detailed study of the actual process of criminal prosecution from the bringing of charges to final conviction, appeal, and post-conviction remedies. The Louisiana Codes of Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure are studied as models of modern systems of criminal law and procedure.

LCIV L810 Title Examination 1 hr.
This course covers the substantive law and the technique used in the examination of titles to Louisiana immovable property. Practical problems will be presented in the description of property, the derivation of titles, and the drafting of documents conveying or encumbering immovable property.

LCIV L900 Civil Law of Persons 3 hrs.
This course covers the Louisiana law of domicile, marriage, divorce, annulment, custody and alimony, legitimacy of children, parental authority over children, adoption proceedings, minority, tutorship, emancipation, and interdiction.

LCIV L921 Louisiana Secured Transactions 3 hrs.
This course covers all aspects of security in movables under Chapter 9 of the Louisiana Commercial Code:  the creation of a security interest, perfection of a security interest, priorities between competing security interests, protection of the consignor or depositor of movables, security interest in accounts receivable, priorities between a security interest and other interests in movables, and redemption and execution of security interests.  The course also covers the relationship of security interests in movables to the Louisiana system of security rights in general, and the  basic principles of bankruptcy that are relevant to secured transactions.

LCIV L930 Community Property 3 hrs.
This course concerns matrimonial regimes governing ownership and management of property of married persons in Louisiana. Characterization of property, creditors’ rights, and rights between the spouses are considered in relation to the nature and background of community property systems.

LCIV L935 Louisiana Code of Civil Procedure 3 hrs.
This course examines the Louisiana Code of Civil Procedure: Book I—Courts, Actions, and Parties; Book II—Ordinary Proceedings; Book III—Proceedings in Appellate Courts; Book IV—Execution of Judgments; Book V—Summary and Executory Proceedings; Book VI—Probate Procedure; Book VII—Special Proceedings (e.g., Attachment, Sequestration, and Injunction); Book VIII—Trial Courts of Limited Jurisdiction; and Book IX—Miscellaneous Provision and Definitions.

LCIV L940 Security Rights 3 hrs.
This course includes those sections of the Civil Code dedicated to security rights, including the contracts of suretyship, pledge, mortgages on immovables, privileges, deposit, and sequestration. Chapter 9 of Title 10 of the Revised Statutes also is given attention.

LCIV L950 Louisiana Bar Exam Preparation 3 hrs.
Focuses on preparation for the Louisiana Bar Examination.  This course addresses strategies and techniques to answer properly the essay and multiple choice question on the bar exam.  Additionally, the course address legal analysis and Louisiana rules of law that are frequently tested on the bar.  The subjects covered may include select portions of three to five subjects drawn from the following options:  Louisiana Torts, Donations, Sales and Leases, Louisiana Business Entities, or Constitutional Law.  The exact subjects covered will be within the professor's discretion.  In addition to a final examination, graded in-class examinations will be given during the semester for each subject covered.  All examinations will closely resemble the actual bar examination questions.

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Common Law Electives (LCOM)

LCOM L800 Family Law 3 hrs.
This course surveys the law regulating marriage and other interpersonal relationships. Topics considered include marriage, alternate forms of social organization, rights concerning procreation, divorce, child custody, financial aspects of family dissolution, the legal regulation of the parent/child relationship, children’s rights and the state’s role in protecting children from neglect and abuse, and adoption.

LCOM L920 Commercial Transactions 3 hrs.
This course investigates the laws that affect the rights and obligations of parties engaged in the sale and distribution of goods. The sales contract, its formation, interpretation and performance, the risk of loss, and the remedies of the parties are emphasized. Uniform Commercial Code Article 2 receives intense scrutiny.

LCOM L921 Secured Transactions 3 hrs.
This course is concerned with all aspects of security in personal property. Covered are problems and legal principles relevant to the creation of the security interest, to its perfection, to priorities between competing security interests and between a security interest and other kinds of property interest, to payment and redemption, and to realization procedures. The emphasis will be on Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code.

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